CENTO


CENTO
CENTO, small Italian town near Ferrara, north central Italy. Cento is probably the place of origin of the Meati family (100 = Heb. me'ah = cento in Italian), known from the 13th century as translators. In 1390 the banker Emanuele del Gaudio opened a small pawnshop. In the late 14th and 15th centuries the Jews in Cento were afforded protection by the house of Este. In 1598 Cento became subject to papal jurisdiction, with the rest of the duchy of Ferrara. A ghetto of intercommunicating houses with a central courtyard was built in 1636 in the center of the city (Via Provenzali and Via Malagodi), accommodating between 100 and 150 residents. There is documentation of the existence during the 17th century of two confraternities (the Gemilut Ḥasadim and the Talmud Torah) and of a cemetery. In 1727 the community received a new constitution and both societies were merged into the single Confraternita di Studi Sacri e di Misericordia. The principal synagogue existed already before 1636 and was restored in 1826. Even though sporadic attacks by the populace occurred during the ghetto period (i.e., in 1689 after the fall of Buda in Hungary), the Jews in Cento were left relatively in peace and did not confine themselves to   banking but also engaged in commerce and crafts. The family of benjamin disraeli originated in Cento. The famous sociologist leone carpi (1810–98) from Cento was a protagonist of the Italian Risorgimento, participating in the insurrections of the 1830s and 1840s. He was chosen by Giuseppe Mazzini as general secretary of the Constituente Romana and in 1850 became deputy of the first Italian Parliament. The community of Cento died out completely in the second half of the 20th century. In 1954 the ark of the synagogue was transferred to Netanyah in Israel and reconstructed in the Givat Meir Temple. In 2001 the area of the ghetto was completely restored and renovated by the municipality. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Pesaro, in: Vessillo Israelitico, 30 (1882), passim; Volli, in: RMI, 17 (1951), 205–9. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Gli Ebrei a Cento e Pieve di Cento fra medioevo ed eta moderna: atti del Convegno di studi storici: Cento, 22 aprile 1993 (1994); R. Romanelli, "Leone Carpi," in: A. Ghilsaberti (ed.), Dizionario biografico degli Italiani, vol. 20 (1977), 599–604. (Federica Francesconi (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cento — Administration Pays  Italie Région …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CENTO — ist die Abkürzung für Central Treaty Organization. Dies war seit 1959 der Name für den 1955 gegründeten Bagdad Pakt. Mitgliedsstaaten der CENTO Dieser war ein reines Verteidigungsbündnis und wurde zuerst am 24. Februar 1955 vom Irak und der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cento [1] — Cento, lat., ursprünglich ein geflicktes Kleid; bei dem Verfall der klass. Poesie der Name von Gedichten, die aus Stellen der alten Dichter in anderer Verbindung zusammengeflickt wurden; der bekannteste Cento ist der Cento nuptialis des Ausonius… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • cento — {{hw}}{{cento}}{{/hw}}[100 nella numerazione araba, C in quella romana] A agg. num. card. inv. 1 Indica una quantità composta di dieci decine. 2 (est.) Molti, parecchi: te l ho detto cento volte. B s. m. inv. Il numero cento e il segno che lo… …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • cento — / tʃɛnto/ agg. num. card. [lat. centum ], invar. 1. [in quantità pari a dieci volte dieci] ▶◀ [per lo più con valore approssimativo] (un) centinaio (di). 2. (estens.) [con valore indeterminato, in grande quantità: te l ho detto almeno c. volte ]… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • cento — (izg. čȇnto) m DEFINICIJA literarno ili muzičko djelo sastavljeno od manjih odlomaka različitih djela (ob. do 18. st.) ETIMOLOGIJA tal. cento ← grč. kéntrōn: dronjak, krparija …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Cento — Cen to, n.; pl. {Centos}. [L. cento a garment of several pieces sewed together, patchwork, a poem made up of various verses of another poem.] A literary or a musical composition formed by selections from different authors disposed in a new order …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • CENTO — index melange Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 CENTO …   Law dictionary

  • CENTO — cum cilicio, confunditur Servio ad haec Virgiliana, l. 3. Georg. v. 312. Setasque comantes Castrorum in morem et miseris velamina nautis. Ait enim, quia de ciliciis poliuntur loricae et tegumtur tabulaeta turrium, ne iactis facibus ignis possit… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Cento [1] — Cento (lat.), 1) aus verschiedenen Stücken zusammengesetztes Zeuch; 2) grobes Tuch, welches unter den Tragsattel der Lastthiere gelegt od. womit die Belagerungsmaschinen zur Schwächung der Kraft der geworfenen Geschosse überdeckt wurden; auch… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


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